The biomechanical examination is carried out by the podiatrist and includes a multitude of tests and measurements which allow to identify the problems affecting the muskuloskeletal system of the feet and potentially causing foot, knee, hip or back pain. The podiatrist examines the general alignment of the body, gait, as well as bone and joint structures of the foot and lower limb.
The goal of this examination is to verify if a biomechanical misalignment is responsible for inflammatory injuries such as sprains, stress fractures, tendinitis and bursitis. It is also used to detect the presence of structural abnormalities such as flat feet or cavus feet, the presence of bunions (hallux abducto valgus) or hammer toes. The examination also allows to evaluate the cause of the problem in order to start a proper treatment plan.